I would like to introduce for this week, the personal pronouns for the three Cases. They are frequently used as the subject or object of a clause and serves to substitute for a noun. Hence, knowing these and their use in a sentence is very important. The PDF of the table below is here.
I have also included the English translation for each. There are first, second and third person(p) singular and plural forms. In addition, the third person singular form is subdivided to represent male(pm), female(pf) and neutral(pi) genders.
In the Dativ case, a tip is to remember that ‘ihm’ and ‘ihr’ sound like him and her respectively.
The third person plural and the formal way to say ‘you’ are exactly the same, except that in the formal case, the first letter ‘S’ is capitalized. Also, you must remember that the use of this will completely depend on the context. For example, “Sie sprechen Englisch” can mean you speak English (formal) or they speak English.